Reduced Inequalities is goal 10 on the list of Sustainable Development Goals.
Income inequality is on the rise. The richest 10 percent earning up to 40 percent of total global income. The poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 percent and 7 percent of total global income.
CHALLENGES AND EFFECTS INEQUALITIES
Inequality has increased by 11 percent in developing countries, taking into account population growth.
Hate speeches, sexual abuse, age, ethnicity, and religion all have roles to play in inequalities. And equality also has an impact on productivity and development.
Some countries propagate racism at a national level.
Discrimination due to health status and physical disability still exists.
Lack of proper education and orientation on history and cultural heritage has been a major cause of division.
These disparities require the adoption of sound policies to empower the bottom percentile of income earners and promote economic inclusion of all regardless of sex, race or ethnicity.
REDUCED INEQUALITIES GOALS
Some goals of Reduced Inequalities, before or by 2030, include:
- To progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
- Empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
- Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
- Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
- Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions
- Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
- Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular, least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO INEQUALITIES
- Proper orientation and education of other tribes and ethnicities. Treating the next man differently because of colour is not to be taken lightly.
- Promulgating laws against discrimination due to health status, physical deformity, and any other form of disability.
- Encourage and support equity like Bill and Melinda and promote unity. Discourage discrimination of any kind including castes, religion, political views, tribe etc.
- Education has a role to play.
- Justice and human rights have to prevail.
Enhanced representation and voice for developing countries.
Gender Inequality is also a part of the entire inequality as a whole. Additionally, women are most times on the receiving end of this. And the Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions‘ goal is a strong player in curbing inequality.
You can also find detailed information and statistics on the UNDP site.